Gole Mire

Gole Mire

Gole Mire was born in Poland. In 1933, Mire, a communist, was arrested by the Polish authorities and sentenced to fifteen years in prison.

Mire escaped from prison on the outbreak of the Second World War. She moved to Cracow where she helped organize the resistance against the German Army.

On 22nd December 1942, Mire, Adolf Liebeskind and Yitzhak Zuckerman took part in an attack on a café used by the Schutz Staffeinel (SS) and the Gestapo.

Gole Mire was captured and was killed when she attacked the guards while being moved from one prison to another.

Primary Sources

(1) Leaflet published by the Jewish Self-Defence Organization (December 1942)

Do not go willingly to your death! Fight for life to the last breath. Greet our murders with teeth and claws, with axe and knife, hydrochloric acid and iron crowbars. Make the enemy pay for blood with blood, for death with death?

Let us fall upon the enemy in time, kill and disarm him. Let us stand up against the criminals and if necessary die like heroes. If we die in this way we are not lost.

Make the enemy pay dearly for your lives! Take revenge for the Jewish centres that have been destroyed and for the Jewish lives that have been extinguished.